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Environmental Engineering Research 2022;27(6): 210452 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2021.452
Advancement in recycling waste tire activated carbon to potential adsorbents
Umi Fazara Md Ali1,2  , Farihahusnah Hussin3, Subash C.B. Gopinath1,4, Mohamed Kheireddine Aroua3, Mohd Hairul Khamidun5, Norwahyu Jusoh6, Naimah Ibrahim7, and Syahirah Faraheen Kabir Ahmad1
1Faculty of Chemical Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
2Centre of Excellence Biomass Utilization (COEBU), Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
3Research Centre for Carbon Dioxide Capture and Utilisation (CCDCU), School of Engineering and Technology, Sunway University, Bandar Sunway 47500, Selangor, Malaysia
4Centre of Excellence for Nanobiotechnology and Nanomedicine (CoExNano), Faculty of applied Sciences, AIMST University, Semeling, 08100 Kedah, Malaysia
5Micropollutant Research Centre, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Malaysia
6Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, 32610 Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak, Malaysia
7Faculty of Civil Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
Corresponding Author: Umi Fazara Md Ali ,Tel: +60195747680, Email: umifazara@unimap.edu.my
Received: September 16, 2021;  Accepted: December 9, 2021.
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ABSTRACT
Waste tires have been identified as one of the contributors to environmental problems and the issue of inadequate landfill spaces. The lack of consistent and systematic approaches such as specific regulations/laws or mechanisms of waste management to waste tires, limited application of technology for recycling waste tires and lack of awareness on the impacts of waste tires problem, make waste tires a source of environmental pollution. Various researches have been conducted on recycling waste tires into polymer bends, and materials to harden concretes, fuels and adsorbent. Researchers suggested that pyrolysis is the current trend of recycling waste tire to harvest the saleable pyrolysis oil and the recycled carbon black. Therefore, this review attempts to compile relevant knowledge about the potential of adsorbent derived from waste tires to be applied in the removal of various types of pollutants like heavy metals, organic pollutants, dye and air/gaseous pollutant. Studies were carried out on revealing the properties and the characteristics of activated carbon derived from waste tire as effective adsorbent which influence the application performance at liquid or gas phase. In addition, the challenges in the production of activated carbon derived from waste tire were discussed.
Keywords: Carbon adsorbent | Liquid and Gas | Pyrolysis | Waste Tire
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