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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2020.685
Optimization of the step feeding ratio for nitrogen removal by SBR using technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS)
Ngun Za Luai Mang, Yuhoon Hwang, and Tae-Jin Lee
Department of Environmental Engineering, Seoul National University of Science and Technology, Seoul 01811, Republic of Korea
Corresponding Author: Tae-Jin Lee ,Tel: +82-2-970-6614, Fax: +82-2-971-5776, Email: leetj@seoultech.ac.kr
Received: December 11, 2020;  Accepted: April 17, 2021.
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The performance of nitrogen (N) removal was investigated by altering the influent step feeding in a sequencing batch reactor (SBR). The optimum condition for influent step feeding was analyzed using Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) with entropy weight method, considering the C/N ratio range 1.5 to 4.5. The results showed that the SBR with the multi-step-feeding system achieved a high nitrogen removal rate of 92.7% at the three-step influent feeding mode. Nitrogen removal was significantly improved due to the multi-step influent feeding, which provided the required carbon source in the anoxic phase for the removal of nitrate that enhanced the denitrification process. The highest nitrogen removal rate at real-time operation was observed at the three-step feeding mode with 60% primary feeding, 30% secondary feeding, and 10% tertiary feeding, respectively. TOPSIS analysis results also showed that the optimum step feeding ratio was identical to the real-time operation of the SBR.
Keywords: Influent step feeding | Nitrogen removal | SBR | TOPSIS
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