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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2020.704
Biodiesel production from the black soldier fly larvae grown on food waste and its fuel property characterization as a potential transportation fuel
Jo-Yong Park1, Sungyup Jung2, Yong-Gyu Na1, Cheol-Hwan Jeon1, Hwa-Yeon Cheon1, Eun-Young Yoon3, Sang-hoon Lee4, Eilhann E. Kwon2, and Jae-Kon Kim1
1Research Institute of Petroleum Technology, Korea Petroleum Quality & Distribution Authority, Cheongju 28115, Republic of Korea
2Department of Environment and Energy, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea
3Department of Integrative Bio-industrial Engineering, Sejong University, Seoul 05006, Republic of Korea
4GreenTeko,Inc., Gyeonggi-do 15655, Republic of Korea
Corresponding Author: Eilhann E. Kwon ,Tel: +82-2-3408-4166; +82-43-240-7931, Fax: +82-2-3408-4320, Email: ekwon74@sejong.ac.kr; jkkim@kpetro.or.kr
Jae-Kon Kim ,Tel: +82-2-3408-4166; +82-43-240-7931, Fax: +82-2-3408-4320, Email: ekwon74@sejong.ac.kr; jkkim@kpetro.or.kr
Received: December 28, 2020;  Accepted: March 23, 2021.
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ABSTRACT
Insects have a great potential to be used as feedstocks for biodiesel production due to their intrinsic high lipid contents. In particular, biodiesel production from black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) is promising because of its advantages in engineering aspects such as a rapid proliferation, more lipid storage due to long-development time in larva stage, self-separation from organic waste. In this study, biodiesel was synthesized through (trans)esterification of BSFL grown on food waste to achieve both biofuel production from organic waste materials. In addition, all fuel properties of the biodiesel were examined to evaluate its feasibility as a potential transportation fuel in Korea. The highest yield of biodiesel obtained in this study was 86.51%. All the parameters of biodiesel produced from BSFL satisfied the Korea fuel standard (KS M 2965) except oxidation stability. The quality criterion of oxidation stability met the fuel standard with an addition of small quantity of tert-butylhydroquinone.
Keywords: Biodiesel | Black soldier fly larvae | Fatty acid methyl esters | Fatty acids | Fuel properties | Quality standards
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