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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2018.227
Comparing geometric parameters in treatment of pesticide effluent with hydrodynamic cavitation process
Shrikant B. Randhavane
Department of Civil Engineering, SVKM’s Institute of Technology, Dhule-424001, India
Corresponding Author: Shrikant B. Randhavane ,Tel: +91-8160180980, Email: srandhavane@gmail.com
Received: July 9, 2018;  Accepted: August 7, 2018.
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Paper focuses on comparison between two different orifice plate configurations (plate number 1 and plate number 2) used as cavitating device in the hydrodynamic cavitation reactor for improving pollutant removal efficiencies. Effect of four different parameters such as hydraulic characteristics (in terms of range of flow rates, orifice velocities, cavitation number at different inlet pressures); cavitation number (in range of 5.76-0.35 for plate number 1 and 1.20-0.35 for plate number 2); inlet pressure (2-8 bars) and reaction time (0 to 60 min) in terms of Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) removal and chlorpyrifos degradation has been studied and compared. Optimum inlet pressure of 5 bars exists for degradation of pollutants for both the plates. It is found that geometry of orifice plate plays important role in removal efficiencies of pollutant. Results obtained confirmed that orifice plate 1 with configuration of 1.5 mm 17 holes; cavitational number of 1.54 performed better with around 60% COD and 98% chlorpyrifos removal as compared to orifice plate 2 having configuration of 2 mm single hole; cavitational number of 0.53 with 40% COD and 96% chlorpyrifos in 2 h duration time.
Keywords: Chemical Oxygen Demand | Chlorpyrifos | Degradation | Efficiency | Hydrodynamic cavitation | Real effluent
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