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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2020.446
Progress in bioremediation of pesticide residues in the environment
Balendu Shekher Giri1,2, Sachin Geed1, Kumar Vikrant3, Sang Soo Lee4, Ki-Hyun Kim3, Suresh Kumar Kailasa5, Meththika Vithanage6, Preeti Chaturvedi2, Birendra Nath Rai1, and Ram Sharan Singh1
1Department of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi 221005, India
2Aquatic Toxicology Laboratory, Environmental Toxicology Group, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR), Lucknow 226001, Uttar Pradesh, India
3Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, Seoul 04763, Republic of Korea
4Department of Environmental Engineering, Yonsei University, Wonju 26493, Republic of Korea
5Department of Applied Chemistry, S.V. National Institute of Technology, Surat 395007, Gujarat, India
6cosphere Resilience Research Center, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Nugegoda 10250, Sri Lanka
Corresponding Author: Ki-Hyun Kim ,Tel: +822-2220-2325 , Email: kkim61@hanyang.ac.kr, rssingh.che@itbhu.ac.in
Ram Sharan Singh ,Tel: +822-2220-2325 , Email: kkim61@hanyang.ac.kr, rssingh.che@itbhu.ac.in
Received: August 5, 2020;  Accepted: November 5, 2020.
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The increasing use of various pesticides (e.g., organophosphate, organochlorine, carbamates, and pyrethroid) has helped to improve agricultural productivity by minimizing the potential crop losses associated with insect attacks. Owing to their highly recalcitrant nature, most pesticides and their residues often accumulate in the environment to exert deleterious effects on human health and various ecosystems. Among a variety of remediation options, biological approaches have attracted a widespread attention for the treatment of pesticide in soil/water systems due to their environmentally benign nature. In this regard, this review article was organized to highlight the recent advancements in the application of various bioremediation approaches for the degradation/removal of pesticides from soil/water matrixes along with the catabolic capacity of microorganisms. Our discussions were expanded further to emphasize identification of specific bacterial communities/strains, such as Bacillus sp. and Pseudomonas sp. This review is expected to provide an overview of the modern biotechnological methodologies along with the associated merits and hurdles for the effective abatement of pesticides.
Keywords: Bioreactors | Degradation factors | Microbial degradation | Organophosphate pesticides | Organochlorine insecticides | Soil remediation
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